Pond apple annona glabra department of agriculture and. Uses, benefits, cures, side effects, nutrients in pond apple. Squamosa means scaly, muricata is roughened, reticulata means netted, and glabra smooth or hairless. Relatives of annona glabra several species of the genus annona have been successfully introduced to the warmest areas of south florida. Fnps provides this link to assist users in finding sources for native plants. However, caution should be used when dealing with common names, and many are liberally or. Ian holloway, qld npws treated pond apple in a drain near liverpool creek, south of innisfail, qld. Cite journal uses unlike the other annona species, the pulp of the fruit when ripe is yellow through orange instead of whitish. Its important as food for wildlife and as habitat for birds and other animals.
Pond apple annona glabra weeds of national significance. A downloadable pdf document of a book in prepublication awaiting illustration. Although not as tasty as its tropical relatives usually eaten raw, but sometimes made into jellies and wine, it is very useful as a rootstock for other annona species. Very similar looking to a green apple, yellow green to yellow, 3 to 5 inches long, broadest at. It is also similar to the cultivated custard apple or atemoya annona cherimola x annona squamosa. Tree 2 38 12 m high, the trunk narrowly buttressed at the base. Pond apple is a semideciduous woody tree, usually about 36 m tall, although it can grow up to 15 m. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in. The fruit are large and greenish and resemble smooth skinned custard apples, and unlike other annona species the pulp of the fruit when ripe is yellow. Pond apple annona glabra how itspreads some of the characteristics that make pond apple a successful invader include its ability to form dense thickets, tolerance to salt and inundation, effective seed dispersal by water and animals, and a germination period spread over several. Pond apple, annona glabra, is an invasive weed, with the potential to have disastrous impact in australia. Hs1281 pond applea tree species adapted to salt stress1 guodong liu, yuncong li, kimberly moore, and kim gabel2 1. Phelloxylon safford has edible although scarcely desirable, yellowfleshed fruits. Annona glabras claim to fame is not culinary but medicinal.
The atlas of florida plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Annona glabra is a wild species related to several commercially grown annona species, including annona cheromola cherimoya, annona muricata soursop, annona reticulata custard apple or bullocks heart and annona squamosa sugar apple. Sugar apple growing in the florida home landscape 2 2. Pond apple annona glabra weed management guide pdf 518 kb. Some members of fann may provide services that do not further the fnps mission, and this link should not be. Seeds, bark and leaves contain many chemicals including acetogenins, apomorphnes alkaloids, cyclopepties, diterpenoids. Names of pond apple in various languages of the world are also given. Annona glabra alligator apple, swamp apple, kaattatha. Pond applea tree species adapted to salt stress1 ufifas edis. If you would like to participate, you can edit this article, or visit the project page, where you can join the project andor contribute to the discussion. It is also native to many other places in the world, thanks to its dispersion methods. Annona muricata is a member of the annonaceae family and is a fruit tree with a long history of traditional use.
This document is hs1281, one of a series of the horticultural sciences department, ufifas extension. A semideciduous tree with thick green leaves, it produces large, leathery, attractive, pale yellow or creamy coloured flowers. Unlike pond apple, the fruits from these three trees are highly. Ian holloway, qld npws weed management guide pond apple annona glabra weed controlcontacts state. Leon levy native plant preserve plant listings annona. The sectional name greek phellos, cork and xylon, wood is descriptive because small sections of the very light wood have been used as floats by fishermen. Axillary leaf buds ovoid, fulvous pubescent, apex obtuse. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the university of south florida and other herbaria.
Annona glabra seeds pondapple, alligatorapple, swamp. Annona cherimola cherimoya annona diversifolia ilama annona glabra pond apple annona montana mountain soursop annona muricata soursop annona purpurea annona annona reticulata. Pond apple annonaceae custardapple family synonyms. It is the weed of greatest concern in the wet tropics bioregion. Pond apple goes by a variety of names, including alligator apple and monkey apple. Pdf study on the volatile oil contents of annona glabra. Pond apple is also called bobwood, corkwood, monkey apple, swamp apple, or. Jul 10, 2015 annona muricata is a member of the annonaceae family and is a fruit tree with a long history of traditional use. This file is licensed under the creative commons attributionshare alike 3. Annona glabra seeds pondapple, alligatorapple, swamp apple, corkwood, bobwood, monkeyapple plant world seeds. It can establish as a dense understorey that suppresses other growth leading to monocultures. If you have any questions, or need the bot to ignore the links, or the page altogether, please visit this simple faq for additional information.
Browse pictures and read growth cultivation information about pond apple, alligator apple annona glabra supplied by member gardeners in the plantfiles database at daves garden. In doing so, fnps is not attesting to the accuracy of any information on the fann webite. Forms with smaller leaves and fruit have been considered a species. Pond apple herb uses, benefits, cures, side effects, nutrients. Pdf study on the volatile oil contents of annona glabra l. Lady bird johnson wildflower center focused on protecting and preserving north americas native plants through native plant lists and image galleries, conservation, education, natural landscapes, seed collection millennium seed bank msb project, preserving and restoring native communities, spreading awareness on invasive species and gardening to attract wildlife. Pdf pond apple annona glabra is an important species within the everglades ecosystem. The complete, perfect, actinomorphic flowers are solitary in leaf axils. Pond apple annona glabra is very similar to some other closelyrelated species that have also become naturalised in northern australia, including bullocks heart annona reticulata, sugar apple annona squamosa and soursop annona muricata. Annona humboldtiana kunth annona humboldtii dunal annona klainii pierre annona klainii pierre ex engl. It is a semideciduous woody tree that forms dense thickets capable of replacing whole ecosystems. Pond apple annona glabra weed management guide pdf 518 kbabout the guide. A large image of annona glabra pond apple from the usda plants database. The leaves are arranged alternately, in one plane, to 20 cm in length with an entire margin and acute leaf apex.
Very attractive, creamy white to light yellow, rose color at the base of each sepal, 1 inch across, solitary. Pdf nutrients in leaves of pond apples annona glabra and. Pond apple annona glabra stem injection can be conducted on foot using a 5 l backpack, injector gun and small axe. Annona glabra grows as a short tree to 8 m in height. Annona glabra is a highly invasive woody weed that threatens wetland and riparian ecosystems of wet tropics, world heritage areas and beyond. The plants have alternate leaves, 70120 mm long with a.
What links here related changes upload file special pages permanent link page information. Request pdf chemical constituents from annona glabra abstracta new kaurane diterpenoid, annoglabasin g 16hydro. Media in category annona glabrathe following 59 files are in this category, out of 59 total. How pond apple is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. If you are new to editing wikipedia visit the welcome page to become familiar with the. Only a few reports are present regarding antifungal activities of the three species of annona under study. Leon levy native plant preserve plant listings annona glabra. I have just modified 2 external links on annona glabra. Biological activities of annona glabra sciencedirect. Fruit the aggregate fruit is heartshaped, round, ovate, or. Institute for systematic botany, university of south florida, tampa. Alternate, simple, entire, ovate to elliptical, 3 to 5 inches, leathery, aromatic. The flowers are composed of 3 green, fleshy petals, 3 small, inconspicuous sepals, and numerous pistils on a common receptacle.
Pond apple is also called bobwood, corkwood, monkey. Study on the volatile oil contents of annona glabra l. Large image for annona glabra pond apple usda plants. Annona glabra is a tropical fruit tree in the family annonaceae, in the same genus as the. Pond apple, annona glabra, is one of those iconic south florida natives. L48 n, pr n, vi a tree with a a rounded, spreading crown and a short, buttressed trunk the pond apple is a member of the annona or custard apple family annonaceae, which includes small to mediumsized trees and shrubs. Annona glabra, pond apple, alligator apple, monkey apple. This page was last edited on 22 september 2019, at 22. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region the bark and the leaves, combined with the bark and leaves of annona squamosa, are used as a sedative and cardiotonic infusion. The plants database includes the following 9 species of annona.206 1513 1688 960 1257 1434 507 1196 1491 1377 607 690 1249 710 880 868 685 593 1358 1620 590 696 1364 828 1153 352 577 1087 510 1215 440 190 398 1213 1340 792 179 1137 436 614 1313